The type of saltwater aquarium tank setup you choose depends upon a few factors. For instance, the kinds of species you need to stock, the area available, as well as your budget. Generally you will need to buy the biggest saltwater aquarium tank setup you can afford which will fit nicely into your living environment.
This is because your fish and other animals may have the most comfort possible as they grow. The fish and also other invertebrates that you choose to stock your aquarium with need enough space to swim and grow in and enough oxygen to survive. When you purchase a saltwater aquarium tank setup remember that these two factors are determined largely by the dimensions of the fish tank.
So let's take a look at the oxygen element of a saltwater aquarium tank setup. The quantity of oxygen in the water is related to the tanks surface area. This means how much area on the tanks surface that is exposed to the environment. The higher the area of your saltwater fish tank setup, the greater room there's for exchange of oxygen to take place at the top.
The more air that is permitted to enter the aquarium and the better harmful gases like carbon dioxide are allowed to leave the far healthier your saltwater aquarium setup will be. The oxygen content of the water can also be influenced by its temperature. In general, the warmer the water, the lower the oxygen content is going to be.
Most marine species from the tropics like water that's 75 degrees or higher so this means that less oxygen is going to be available to them. This is when it becomes vital that you increase the surface of the aquarium by making sure your saltwater tank setup is really as large as is possible.
How can you do that? There is no typical saltwater aquarium setup. Marine tanks come in a number of shapes and size, but it's the shape from the fish tank, not its volume that influences surface area. This means that even where two tanks have identical volumes they might not have a similar area based on their shape. A saltwater aquarium tank setup that's tall and slender won't obtain a good rate of gas exchange. An ideal design will be one that's short and wide.
Once you've chosen your fish tank it is time to begin thinking about its residents. Obviously how big your aquarium is going to be will dictate how many fish and invertebrates it can house. The main thing to prevent inside your saltwater tank setup is overcrowding. A lot of inhabitants and your tanks filtration will likely be overloaded. Fish living in cramped conditions become stressed and this can lead to illness and death.
You can calculate how many fish your saltwater tank setup will hold by stocking one inch of fish per four gallons of water for a period of six months. After this period increase the number of fish slowly to 1 inch per two gallons. This means that a 40 gallon tank should not contain above 10 inches of fish for the first 6 months.
So, for example, you might choose one 3-inch queen angel, two 1-inch clownfish, one 2-inch regal tang, one 1-inch bicolor blenny and two 1-inch Beau Gregorys. Once the six month period is over you can boost the total number of inches inside your saltwater aquarium setup to twenty.
Of course, your fish are likely to grow so you have to adjust for the changing sizes of the fish. The shape of your fish can also be important. If your fish are usually on the heavy side you will need to keep to the low end of the capacity of the saltwater tank setup.
A saltwater tank setup will cost you money and time so accept this and don't skimp. Even if you devote considerable effort and time with a small aquarium you may still encounter problems. Should you choose the wrong one initially you will probably end up having to buy another one and this may be discouraging. In a nutshell, if you don't have the money to purchase a tank thats a minimum of 30 gallons, don't invest any money whatsoever. Another option if money is tight would be to watch some fish on your computer by incorporating free moving screensavers instead. It's different then the real thing but can prove to be a nice short-term fix while getting your game plan together on the actual fish tank setup.
When you choose a saltwater aquarium setup there are many options. You could decide among glass and acrylic and you may even get reef-ready styles complete with pre-drilled holes for equipment and plumbing. Glass tanks sealed with silicon rubber cement are a common choice. Rectangle designs are popular but also, they are obtained in octagon and hexagon. They are non-toxic and don't scratch easily.
The down-side to a glass saltwater tank setup is that they are heavy. Which means that large tanks will have very thick glass. Try to look for one with a plastic frame that will make the fish tank more stable. Plated glass is shatterproof although not as strong as tempered.
An acrylic saltwater aquarium tank setup is molded with few seams so they are more transparent. However your view may still be distorted at the corners. Acrylic tanks are not as heavy as glass and thus are available in a wider variety of size and shapes. Acrylic is additionally stronger than glass. On the downside acrylic tanks can get scratched and are more expensive than glass. They are easily scratched by algae scrapers and decorations. It's possible to buff these marks out with a special kit.
Whichever saltwater aquarium tank setup you choose make certain it offers a healthy environment for the fish. You also need to ensure that you can afford to take care of it properly and that it suits your lifestyle and available time. After you have everything set up correctly you'll be able to enjoy the colorful antics and shapes of your fishy friends, corals and other invertebrates. Enjoy the wonderful world of your saltwater fish tank! As pointed out above though, for individuals who don't want to hassle with a aquarium and maintenence another option for watching fish could be by watching them on your computer with these free moving screensavers.