This introduction to saltwater aquariums was designed with the beginner aquarist in mind. There are many reasons for setting up a saltwater fish tank, not the very least of which is its beauty. The attractive shades of fish and coral, fascinating algae, soothing sounds of bubbling water plus the fun involved with creating a fabulous marine world are typical explanations why keeping saltwater aquariums gives people a great deal of fun and pleasure. You can also view the beauty of dazzling marine life on your desktop with these 3d moving screensavers!
For the newbie even a brief introduction to saltwater fish tanks can seem a little daunting. The reason being not only are marine systems a little complex to put together and maintain they can also be pricy. Saltwater fish tanks are not for everyone and even the simplest marine tank can cause headaches. Fish keeping can be tricky and marine fish especially take considerable time and energy to keep healthy.
This is because marine species are considerably more sensitive to water quality and temperature changes so you have got to be informed about the requirements of all your fish in addition to the tank itself. Saltwater fish tanks require patience plus a degree of know-how to make it work. You must also make sure that you can afford to keep the tank in a healthy and balanced condition.
Which saltwater aquarium you choose will depend on your aims for the tank along with your personal preferences. There are many possibilities with regards to the fish and animals it is possible to retain in your tank as well as the equipment you can choose from. Some saltwater aquariums aren't suited for the complete beginner.
The first thing to decide when setting up saltwater fish tanks is what kind of fish you want to keep. The next step is discovering as much about each one as possible. Not every marine species are suited to beginners so you might be required to adapt your wish-list to fit your degree of experience. Never undertake species that are for advanced fish keepers or you will well encounter trouble.
There are two main types of saltwater fish tanks namely 1) ‘fish only’ or 2) ‘fish only with live rock’ OR ‘reef tanks’.
The first is likely the easiest saltwater aquariums to attempt. The reason being in saltwater fish tanks of this nature, lighting is not really a problem and use a simple tank with its usual equipment and only a couple of extra bits like protein skimmers, powerheads and live rock or sand.
These types of saltwater fish tanks will generally be either a community tank containing species like clownfish, damselfish, gobies, wrass, and dottybacks, or an aggressive tank where you will find species like lionfish, triggers, eels, groupers, and larger predatory species.
Before you decide to choose your fish, make sure you know EXACTLY which species live well together to avoid your tank turning into a complete massacre. If you're a novice to saltwater fish tanks start with a tank that is a minimum of 10 gallons in size. This is because most if not all of your fish will easily grow out of the tank.
Go for the largest tanks you can afford. The larger saltwater fish tanks are easier to retain in tip-top condition.
Most important to the health of saltwater aquariums is water purification within your tank. This means that the smallest amount of impurities within the water can hurt your fish. Remember a large number of animals are located in natural coral reefs where the water is extremely pure. So you will need to be certain that the water ınside your tank is clean all the time.
In small (10 gallons) saltwater aquariums you can utilize a Brita filter or water purifier column or you can use sterilized water. These methods won’t work in bigger tanks, however. The best bet for any size tank is definitely an RO/DI (reverse osmosis/deionization) system.
Filtration is quite complicated in saltwater aquariums but depends to a large degree on the fish species you intend to keep and how many. In a fish only tank you can use a freshwater filter for example canisters, power filters and the like. Also you can try a wet-dry trickle filter. If you decide to keep a reef tank you might like to utilize a natural filtering method like live rock or sand or a refugium.
Protein skimming is also important in saltwater aquariums and it's also strongly recommended that you do it, especially if you have lots of fish ınside your tank. A protein skimmer uses foaming bubbles to separate fish waste that floats up to the water column from the water’s main flow.
The foundation in your tank will require the setting up of live sand. In saltwater aquariums sand doesn’t only work as a substrate it is also the breeding ground for millions of essential bacterias. These bacterias help the nitrogen cycle to function efficiently. The sand is also home to the small creatures that help control the waste materials ınside your tank.
The most beneficial sand for saltwater fish tanks is calcium carbonate (aragonite). You'll find this from crushed corals, or finer sands. You may also use silica and quartz sands yet they may not be nearly as good.
What about live rock? Probably the most pricey things about saltwater aquariums, prices may put off many a newer marine aquarist. Live rock can be purchased by the lb . plus its expensive mainly because it’s the real thing. While in the sea, live rock makes up a reef structure with little calcium carbonate structures produced by corals. Since live rock is harvested from nature and regulations control this harvesting you can start to comprehend exactly why it's so high priced.
Live rock is extremely important to saltwater aquariums for the bacterium it introduces into your aquarium. A lot of these tiny microorganisms keep your water filtered in the same manner it does in mother nature. Furthermore, it behaves as a home and shelter for your fish and a spot for coral formations to cultivate. It is worth the high price. ‘Fiji’ rock is a great selection provided you can find it. Attempt to avoid any live rock with a mantis shrimp on it since they multiply very quickly.
Let’s move on to the lights in saltwater aquariums. In a fish only or fish and live rock fish tank lighting isn't a major issue. In a reef tank, on the other hand, it is essential. This is because light is necessary for the majority of corals and anemones to develop. Special lights are necessary for a marine tank so use one of the following:
Power Compact Fluorescent (PC)
Very High Output Fluorescent (VHO)
Metal Halide (MH)
Take into account you are going to still have to cycle your tank and perform the necessary water quality assessment before you decide to include all of your livestock. So there you have it – an overview of what things to start contemplating while you build saltwater fish tanks. We recommend doing plenty of additional research to ensure you understand exactly what you are doing before you get started.
Marine tanks are not for everyone, so make certain they suit you before you spend a lot of money. Plus remember that you can begin looking at dazzling life like fish right from your pc's monitor with one of these impressive moving screensavers!