The most important thing that counts in fish care is keeping the fish tank clean and clear. If it is not cleaned on a regular basis it can be the thriving ground of a many bacteria and can be dangerous for your fish. However never change all the water at once.
Fish get easily get used to the conditions of the water they live in. if all the water is changed at once then might get the shock of an extra clean environment which can be really fatal. Too much of cleaning can remove the good bacteria that are needed to break down the waste and toxins like ammonia into harmless nitrates.
While changing the water weekly it is essential to keep in mind that only one third of the whole water should be removed. Otherwise the water chemistry might drastically get altered and cause harm to the fish.
While cleaning the fish tank no sort of soap or detergent should be used. The amount of water removed should be replaced with dechlorinated water of the same temperature as the water in the tank. It is also a good idea to vacuum the gravel about once a week to remove food and other debris from the bed of the tank.
When planning to have several fish in one tank, you need to take care of the fact that the tank is not over crowded. Add fish in your tank at the rate of one to two fish every one or two weeks.
One thing that you need to find out at the very outset is about the compatibility of the different species of fish that you intend to keep together. Fish should be grouped according to their preference for the same water temperature, water type and acidic level of the water.
Keep a good watch on each and every fish in your aquarium . Look out for signs of sickness like cloudy eyes and slimy looking bodies. If one fish is identified to be having some kind of a disease make fast moves to save the other fish from contracting the same.
It is also important to place the aquarium in a suitable place to prevent any kind of temperature fluctuations. It is also an important part of fish care regime to maintain the water quality.
It is required to regularly test the ammonia, nitrate and pH levels of the water. It is also a good idea to keep a canopy or a hood over the tank at all times.
Another very important aspect of fish care is not letting your fish get stressed. If the level of stress in your fish increases then its ability to heal also falls. The main causes of stress in fish are unsuitable water, lack of physical space, wrong mixing of species, oxygen deficiency, poor nutrition, and sudden changes.
The common signs that tell you your fish may be suffering from stress are lack of appetite, staying hidden for a long span of time or even wounds that don’t seem to heal. However proper and correct fish care will help you in giving your fish a better and healthy life.